Preventing the 2nd Degree Burn Infections
The 2nd degree burn infection can be prevented if you take care of these burns from the initial stage. Burns can be classified into three categories, first degree burns, 2nd degree burns and third degree burns, on the basis of the extent and depth of the injury. The depth of damage is considered to classify the degree of burn wounds.
Symptoms and complications of 2nd degree burn infection
The outermost layer of skin called Epidermis is involved in First Degree Burns which can be recognized on the basis of its symptoms that appear as tenderness and redness of the skin, swelling and pain in the injury. Normally this level of burn does appear with blisters. The chances of infection at this stage are almost negligible as no breakage of burnt skin or blisters occur, which is the main reason behind it. Normally it takes few days to recover. It normally occurs by coming in contact with hot object or over exposure to UV rays of sun.
The 2nd degree burns damage upto 2nd layer of skin known as Dermis which can be recognized on the basis of its symptoms as painful blisters with moist, soft and pink appearance. The blisters oozing out of skin are filled with fluid and should not be punctured or damaged during treatment. The chances of 2nd degree burn infection increase with the damaging of the blisters and keeping them open for long. This level of burn injury may take 3-6 weeks to recover depending on the level of damage caused to the dermis of the skin. This type of burns normally occurs with over exposure of UV rays of the sun or coming in contact with hot objects.
Similarly third degree burns involve all the three layers of your skin when the burn injury crosses epidermis, dermis and hypodermis instantly. This type of burn may damage not only your skin but also affect your nerves, fat, bones and muscles. Your skin appears to be filmy white after this kind of burn caused due to coming in contact with chemicals, fire or electric current. There are greater chances of infection in this degree of burns as compared to 2nd degree burns.
Prevention of 2nd degree burn infection
Though any kind of burn injury should be cared effectively to prevent the occurrence of any kind of infection but care for 2nd degree burns has been emphasized more as the number of case of this category of burnt injuries are much more than others. For preventing the infection in the 2nd degree burns you should:
- Wash your hands thoroughly even before providing a first aid to your burns
- Rinse the burns with cool water to slow down the temperature of the skin
- Rinsing the burn with cool water will gradually reduce your pain
- Never use ice or ice cold water for this purpose as it may damage our tissues
- Pat dry the burns with cotton gauze and apply an antibiotic ointment toe soothe your skin
- And wrap it with cotton bandage
Thus you can easily prevent 2nd degree burn infection.
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